I've been using one since they first came out, in the 1990's. Wouldn't be without it......Alan B wrote: ↑Mar 08, 2018 3:54 pmNo, these:
Looks like they use it in addition to a mouse.
"Motor constant as given by (9.11) ignores the winding end turns. Since the end turns create ohmic losses but do not produce torque, they directly diminish motor constant."