E braking. How do i use it?

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E braking. How do i use it?

Postby levleon13 » Fri May 19, 2017 6:29 am

Hey guys, sorry for the noob question, but i have this controller (1500) that has low/high level braking plugs, each are 2 wires. Now shorting them doesn't do the job. How do i wire them? My brake pads wearing out every month on saints, and theyre not that cheap.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby dogman dan » Fri May 19, 2017 6:47 am

If your controller does not have another set of wires that you connect to enable regen, then you are SOL. There might be possibility of opening the controller, and installing those wires, but I dont' know how to do that myself.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby levleon13 » Fri May 19, 2017 9:17 am

Forgot to mention that i dont seek for regeneration. Only motor stopping itself.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby gderou » Fri May 19, 2017 10:29 am

I had a similar question (viewtopic.php?f=30&t=88252).
My controller didn't have any dedicated wire, so I had to solder a wire in it (that activates e-brake as soon as I press the brake lever).
In your case, I suppose that the wires are to be connected to something (ground ?) to activate 2 modes of e-brake (low and high ?).
Do you have a picture of the controller ? I know there are LCD controls that give the option of choosing between several modes of e-brake, but I don't know how they are connected…

From what I understand e-brake and regen are the same thing - if you activate one you activate both and it means that current with flow from the motor to the battery (where would it go otherwise ?). I don't know what the impact can be though (controller heat / battery heat ? So far so good for me so I hope it continues this way…) and whether there are things to be careful about before activating.

NB: I am driving an electric scooter and not an e-bike, but that should be the same thing.
NB2: this is what I have gathered - I am no specialist, so it is completely possible that I am totally wrong on the subject - any correction / links to educate myself would be appreciated ;-)
Last edited by gderou on Fri May 19, 2017 10:46 am, edited 2 times in total. View post history.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby Chalo » Fri May 19, 2017 12:03 pm

gderou wrote:From what I understand e-brake and regen are the same thing - if you activate one you activate both and it means that current with flow from the motor to the battery (where would it go otherwise ?)


You know how your motor seems to lock up if you touch the phase wires together? That's the simplest kind of e-braking, which is also called "plug braking". The energy gets dissipated into the motor windings mostly. Other e-braking systems use a power resistor as the load. Diesel electric locomotives do that. Some other systems actively use battery power to resist the motor's rotation.

My first e-bike had a Curtis DC motor controller in which the short-circuit type of e-braking was an automatic feature. Either the motor was driving forward or it was being electrically braked. It would have driven me nuts except that I put a freewheel on the motor drive.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby gderou » Fri May 19, 2017 12:22 pm

Yes, reading another post about regen, I realised that it was possible to have brake only (no regen) - so I guess that is highly dependent on the controller.
I must admit that I have never played with my motor phases - so I can only imagine what you are talking about…

So now I don't if I have regen, but I definitely have e-brake enabled on my scooter. Where does all that energy go is beyond my current understanding - but I may know when a part breaks :p
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby Icewrench » Fri May 19, 2017 3:17 pm

E brake hi might be looking for a positive voltage like to a brake light.

Brake low might be looking for a ground signal to activate motor cut off.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby John in CR » Fri May 19, 2017 10:52 pm

When shorting the 2 ebrake low wires together did u have the motor at significant rpm? If so and you also tried the ebrake hi by supplying anything from about +10V up to +pack voltage (and a common ground to battery negative), then you don't have electric braking and the 2 are really just an "ebrake cutoff" which cuts motor power when braking (a basic safety feature even if you don't have regen enabled.

There are some few controllers that have electric braking that isn't regen. I only have experience with one from Greentime, and it was quite nice in that the braking force worked nice and smooth all the way down to a stop, unlike most cheap controllers' regen. Because it dissipated the energy of braking in the controller, wiring, and motor windings, you do have to be careful of heat buildup and related failures. In that regard it's best to just get a controller with regen. You get some energy back into the battery, but the biggest plus for me is the greatly reduced brake maintenance.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby levleon13 » Wed May 24, 2017 8:47 am

I guess my conclusions here is to get a controller that supports the feature huh.. Hoped for some diy shortcut.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby Alan B » Wed May 24, 2017 9:07 am

The ebrake feature on my Borg's Sabvoton controller requires a switch closure to activate it, and a variable voltage to determine how strong the braking is. It smoothly combines regen at higher speeds with reverse power at low speeds to provide variable braking that can be very strong down to very low speed like one mph. By adjusting the controller's programming the braking can be adjusted, it can be set to skid the tire if desired. It is an excellent feature, and on that bike I use it to replace mechanical braking in the rear wheel (and actuate it from a normal looking brake handle that puts out the required signals), the front wheel has dual discs so there's plenty of mechanical backup. The brake pads last a long time, never have worn any out.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby levleon13 » Thu May 25, 2017 12:48 pm

Alan B wrote:The ebrake feature on my Borg's Sabvoton controller requires a switch closure to activate it, and a variable voltage to determine how strong the braking is. It smoothly combines regen at higher speeds with reverse power at low speeds to provide variable braking that can be very strong down to very low speed like one mph. By adjusting the controller's programming the braking can be adjusted, it can be set to skid the tire if desired. It is an excellent feature, and on that bike I use it to replace mechanical braking in the rear wheel (and actuate it from a normal looking brake handle that puts out the required signals), the front wheel has dual discs so there's plenty of mechanical backup. The brake pads last a long time, never have worn any out.



this is an extra option in the config right ? i can also trigger it with just switch closure right( no sensetivety) ?

do you have your thread for dual disks ?
i would really like to see and learn the details about the conversion .
Last edited by levleon13 on Thu May 25, 2017 12:49 pm, edited 1 time in total. View post history.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby Alan B » Sun May 28, 2017 12:58 am

Both the dual discs and the Sabvoton controller setup are covered in the GreyBorg thread.

On the dual discs, a front fork with dual disc brake mounts is required, plus a hub that has dual disc mounts. Then you add a dual caliper single lever hydraulic brake setup (designed for a tadpole trike).

The particular controller firmware in my Sabvoton has the variable ebrake feature. They were ordered this way from the factory, I've heard that not all units have the feature, or that it isn't implemented the same way. My unit does suffer from a scaling error so the calibration settings have to be experimented with, but it produces wheel skidding braking if desired.

I started with a standard ebrake lever which contains a switch and a normal mechanical cable pulling mechanism. I converted the cable pulling portion to a linear voltage generating lever using a magnet and a linear hall sensor. So the net result is a naturally operating brake lever. The more you pull it, the more braking you get. When the speed drops to about one mile per hour the ebrake drops out. It will re-engage if the speed rises again, however I use a foot or the front friction brake to do the rest of the deceration and holding. In actual use the rear ebrake is used for the majority of braking, then the friction front brake is used for the remainder. The brake pads last basically forever, but I do find that I need to brake hard with them occasionally to break the glaze from continual minor braking.

Certainly one could change Sabvoton controller configurations, and perhaps apply a fixed voltage to the "braking level" input and create a more primitive setup similar to standard controllers, but why would one want to do that?
Last edited by Alan B on Sun May 28, 2017 12:59 am, edited 1 time in total. View post history.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby 999zip999 » Tue May 30, 2017 3:08 pm

You should also have a handlebar kill switch I have mine on the left side just a thumb take down.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby Alan B » Wed May 31, 2017 12:58 am

999zip999 wrote:You should also have a handlebar kill switch I have mine on the left side just a thumb take down.


+1, on/off or kill sw is an excellent feature.
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Re: E braking. How do i use it?

Postby levleon13 » Tue Sep 05, 2017 4:00 am

Chalo wrote:
gderou wrote:From what I understand e-brake and regen are the same thing - if you activate one you activate both and it means that current with flow from the motor to the battery (where would it go otherwise ?)


You know how your motor seems to lock up if you touch the phase wires together? That's the simplest kind of e-braking, which is also called "plug braking"
. The energy gets dissipated into the motor windings mostly. Other e-braking systems use a power resistor as the load. Diesel electric locomotives do that. Some other systems actively use battery power to resist the motor's rotation.

My first e-bike had a Curtis DC motor controller in which the short-circuit type of e-braking was an automatic feature. Either the motor was driving forward or it was being electrically braked. It would have driven me nuts except that I put a freewheel on the motor drive.



is there any way to modify a controller to achieve this ?
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