• Howdy! we're looking for donations to finish custom knowledgebase software for this forum. Please see our Funding drive thread

mixed Pb + Lifepo

Tyro65

100 mW
Joined
Aug 3, 2008
Messages
36
Location
Sault Ste. Marie, ON
I know. I know that mixing these into one pack is a bad idea. I do read warnings about it, but I have not found a good explanation. I do want to know the details of what would happen during charge and discharge cycles if I added a 12V SLA to a pack made up of 16 LiFePO4 15Ah cylindrical cells.

Thanks.
 
So confused.

What is the xPyS layout, the voltage of your existing pack?

Yes mixing chemistries is bad, for many many reasons but which ones specifically will depend on exactly what it is you are thinking of doing.

You really need a higher level of understanding before you think about breaking standard rules
 
It's that higher level of understanding that I am seeking by posting here.

The LiFePO4 pack is Headway cells 40152S. They charge up to about 55V. I want to add about 13V using a 15Ah SLA. I have a (nominal) 60V charger.
 
Tyro65 said:
It's that higher level of understanding that I am seeking by posting here.

The LiFePO4 pack is Headway cells 40152S. They charge up to about 55V. I want to add about 13V using a 15Ah SLA. I have a (nominal) 60V charger.

As previously stated, bad idea. The why is that SLA battery has more internal resistance and a lower C rating than those Headway cells. Better to add a few more 40152s if you can. Even if the Headway cells you already have have been cycled, if they only have a 100 or so cycles they are still practically new since they can last between 2,000 and 4,000 cycles.

Think of it this way, if your pack was all SLA you'd have a much shorter range and reduced performance. So adding in 4 cells (13v) worth of SLA is like having a pack of sled dogs and one of them is a Basset hound while the rest are Huskies well suited for the task. :mrgreen:
 
You did not answer my questions. You cannot expect members to write out the thousands of posts required to get your 101 level knowledge up.

Read read read old threads, Google for resources.

But I am inferring you are talking adding the lead 12V in series.

A horrible horrible idea, likely dangerous.

Parallel is just sub-optimal.

Add more Headways, same model but ideally less worn.
 
TrotterBob said:
So adding in 4 cells (13v) worth of SLA

That would be 6 lead-acid cells. Not that it really matters; it's still bringing the whole pack down to the level of its lamest component.
 
Tyro65 said:
I know. I know that mixing these into one pack is a bad idea. I do read warnings about it, but I have not found a good explanation. I do want to know the details of what would happen during charge and discharge cycles if I added a 12V SLA to a pack made up of 16 LiFePO4 15Ah cylindrical cells.

Thanks.

Generally no.

Lead acid will add more weight. New lead acid lasts about 100 cycles vs life 3000 or whatever high number they have.

Ah of lead acid are measured by C1/20 meaning if your application dras the lead acid faster you won't get the ah hours stated on the lead battery.

A charger will charge until it reaches the chargers set voltage and will not help you with balancing your pack for you

If you want to use then maybe read, watch more videos and meet local or not local people doing this things already.

If you put in another serie of voltage the average voltage of all series connected will go down and one can get more life of your battery thus using only a lower percentage of full charge.

For your information I used a lifepo4 cell as a security, as a buffer for my 20 series li-ion battery so that when my battery was charging it would eat the voltage at the higher level so that the rest of my battery didn't go above each cells voltage threshold. (lifepo4 charges at 3,75v then goes down to 3,45 after sitting)

I replaced my buffer with 1s65ah lipo for the same reason and after a while of use, I guess, I heard a pop and one of the lipo cells broke and I had to remove it and remember that they aren't as safe as one cell type. There are safe lipo types also but I don't know so better not use it to.

What I did learn. Better use only one type of cell.
 
Not disagreeing with the above but one issue

Top quality lead batteries designed for deep cycling can last 12-14 years in daily use if the system as a whole is designed and cared for properly.

Or 6-8 years with lower cost units like Deka's or Trojan's 6V GCs, not much over $1/Ah at 12V

Yes LFP will last much longer maybe by decades, but since it only takes one "event" to render the whole bank scrap, such a long ROI makes the 8x dollar$ per usable Ah a pretty risky investment.

So going for it should be based on better performance and convenience, not just economics.

But yes just getting consumer grade fraudulently marketed 12V units from big box or automotive channels, 80% SoH at 100 cycles would be normal used for deep cycling, or even less.
 
PS I do not mean used for propulsion at high C-rates

House bank only, solar style storage, getting back to 100% as per datasheet spec at least 4x a week, DoD% averaging maybe 40-60%
 
Back
Top